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AMBER Gifts & Jewellery
FORMATION OF AMBER
Amber is fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.[ Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects.] Amber is used as an ingredient in perfumes, as a healing agent in folk medicine, and as jewellery.
Amber generally takes a minimum of 65 million years to form.
The Real Thing jewellers of Cheshire offer a range of Sterling Silver set with both the traditional cognac Amber and green Amber.
Distribution and mining
Amber is globally distributed, mainly in rocks of Cretaceous age or younger. Historically, the Samland coast west of Königsberg in Prussia was the world's leading source of amber. About 90% of the world's extractable amber is still located in that area, which became the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia in 1946.
Pieces of amber torn from the seafloor are cast up by the waves, and collected by hand, dredging, or diving. Elsewhere, amber is mined, both in open works and underground galleries. Then nodules of blue earth have to be removed and an opaque crust must be cleaned off, which can be done in revolving barrels containing sand and water. Erosion removes this crust from sea-worn amber.